Pharmaceutics Important Questions

B.Pharm and D.Pharm Pharmaceutics Important Questions for Semester Exams, University Exams.

Introduction to Dosage Form

  • Define the term “Unit Dosage Form”
  • Why drugs are not given in their original pure state?
  • Give some examples of Solid Dosage Form.
  • What do you know about “Dusting Powder”?
  • What are the main ingredients of dentifrices?
  • Why pills are outdated preparations?
  • Why is it necessary to use sterilized talc and kaolin in preparing of dusting powder?
  • Give five examples of Monophasic Liquid Dosage Form.
  • Why glycerin is used as a base in throat paint?
  • Give a list of preparations that falls under biphasic liquid dosage form.
  • Name the emulsifying agents used in the preparation of o/w and w/o emulsion.
  • Why are additives needed in preparations of different dosage form.
  • Why is emulsifying agent required in preparing in different dosage form?
  • Name some of the modern dosage forms.
  • Write the importance of Dosage Form?
  • Name the preparations cover under bulk powders meant for external use?
  • Write in brief about Dusting Powders?
  • Describe briefly about the solid dosage forms.
  • How are effervescent granules prepared?
  • Define Syrup and Why syrup is preferred?
  • How will you distinguish o/w emulsion and w/o emulsion.
  • What precaution should be taken while using Eye drops.
  • What are the qualities of an ideal suspension?
  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of pills?
  • Mention the qualities of an ideal ointment base.
  • Give importance of erythrocytes in new drug delivery system.
  • Write the application of liposomal drugs?
  • Define Pro drugs and what are the application of Pro drugs.
  • Why is soft paraffin not used in ophthalmic ointments.
  • How will you classify different dosage forms? Write the importance of different dosage forms.
  • Define Solid Dosage Forms. How will you classify different dosage forms. Write in brief about dentifrices and effervescent granules.
  • What are monophasic liquid dosage forms? Write in details about syrups and elixirs.
  • What are emulsion? State the different types of emulsion and how will you distinguish them.
  • What are ointments? Classify different ointment bases used in the preparations of ointment. Describe briefly each base.
  • What are the preparations that cover under biphasic liquid dosage form? How will you distinguish between suspension and emulsion.
  • Define creams ? How will differ creams from ointments? Write in brief about creams.

Prescription

  • Define the term Prescription.
  • Define the term Superscription.
  • What does the term subscription mean?
  • What is the importance of Latin language in Prescription writing.
  • What is the importance of date in prescription.
  • What does the term Inscription means.
  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of prescribing the drugs by it propitiatory name?
  • Write the importance of writing age in Prescription.
  • Write the importance of modern methods of writing prescription.
  • Name the various sources of errors in Prescription.
  • Define the term Prescription. Describe in brief about the different parts of a prescription.
  • Discuss the various sources of errors while dispensing a prescription. How these errors are rectified.
  • Discuss the procedure which should be followed by a Pharmacist while handling the prescription for compounding and dispensing.
  • Discuss the various precautions which should be taken by a Pharmacist while dispensing a prescription.

Posology

  • Define the term Posology.
  • What does the term official doses mean.
  • Define the term Synergism.
  • What is meant by the term Tolerance.
  • What does the term accumulation means.
  • Why the quantity of drug which is given by IV Route smaller than the Oral Route.
  • What is Dillings formula.
  • Write the clerks formula.
  • Write the Youngs formula.
  • define the term additive effects.
  • Name the various factors that influence the dose of a drug.
  • Explain the term tachyphylaxis.
  • What is the duty of a pharmacist in case the medicine prescribes is overdose.
  • Give the name of the various factors which influences the dose of a drug in animal.
  • Name the drugs which should be avoided to be given to lactating mother.
  • Discuss the various factors which affects the dose of a medicine.
  • Describe the various methods which are used in calculating the dose of a drug in small children.
  • Explain the different factors which influences the dose of a drug in animal.
  • Write short note on the followings
    • Accumulation
    • Synergism
    • Idiosyncrasy
    • Tolerance
    • Tachyphylaxis
    • Additive effects

Pharmaceutical Calculations

  • Give the metric equivalence of:
    • 2drachm
    • 10 fl. ounce
    • 1pint
    • 4 drachm
    • 1tumberful
    • 1minim
    • 5grains
    • 1 quart
    • 1pound
    • 1tblspn
  • Calculate the following
    • 4 oz of a 1 in 2000 solutions
    • 6 oz of a 1 in 40 solutions
    • 8 oz of a 1 in 800 solutions
    • 1 pint of a 0.9% NaCl solutions
    • 1 pint of a 1 in 80 solution of HgCl2

Solid Dosage Form

  • Define the following terms:
    • Unit Dosage Form
    • Powder
    • Tablet Triturates
    • Cachets
    • Pill
    • Lozenge
    • pastille
    • capsule
  • Name the bulk powders that are used externally.
  • what is the approximate capacity in mg of a capsule having number 000, 00, 0, 1, 2, 3,4,5 ?
  • Mention the advantages and disadvantages of powder.
  • Write briefly about dusting powder?
  • What are the advantages of effervescent granules?
  • Write the advantages and disadvantages of cachets.
  • Write briefly about geometric dilution.
  • Mention the difficulties which are faced while using the insufflator.
  • Write briefly about hard gelatin capsules.
  • Describe about the soft gelatin capsules. Differentiate between hard gelatin capsules and soft gelatin capsules.
  • Discuss the essential requirements for a good pill.
  • Write in brief about the different methods of filling powders in hard gelatin capsules.
  • Describe the preparation of moulded lozenges.
  • Define the term Powders? Write the advantages and disadvantages of powder as unit dosage form.
  • Discuss different methods of mixing powders.
  • Discuss in brief about effervescent granules. Give the method of preparation of effervescent granules.
  • Classify different type of Powders. Discuss about the various dusting powders which are meant for external use.
  • Define Pill. Discuss about the methods of preparation of pills.
  • Explain the term lozenges and briefly describe about the compounding and dispensing of moulded lozenges.
  • Define a hard gelatin capsule? How are the capsules dispense in Pharmacy.
  • Define Pastille and discuss briefly about the preparation of pastille.
  • Write short note on:
    • Dusting Powders
    • Soft Gelatin Capsules
    • Dentifrices
    • Effervescent granules
    • Geometric dilution
    • coating of pills
    • cachets
    • tablet triturates
    • lozenges
    • pastilles
    • compound powders
    • Hard gelatin capsules
  • How will you dispense the following:
    • powders containing potent drugs
    • powders containing efflorescent powder
    • powders containing volatile substances
    • powders containing hygroscopic and deliquescent substances

Monophasic Liquid Dosage Form

  • Define the term monophasic liquid dosage form
  • What does the term mixture means
  • Define the term drought
  • Give three examples of monophasic liquid dosage form meant for internal use.
  • What should be the pH of nasal drops.
  • Write the storage conditions of mixtures.
  • Give five examples of monophasic liquid dosage form meant for external use.
  • Why is glycerin being use a base in throat paint?
  • Why are gaggles dispensed in concentrated form?
  • Why are nasal drops made isotonic?
  • Write the main aim of using nasal spray?
  • Write the uses of douches.
  • Explain the various adjunts use in the formulation of mixtures.
  • Classify different type of mixtures.
  • Differentiate syrup and elixirs.
  • Write the difference between lotion and liniment.
  • What are mixtures? Describe different type of mixtures. Describe in brief about the method of dispensing the mixtures containing:
    • Indiffusible solid
    • Precipitate forming liquids
  • What are syrups. How are they different from elixirs and linctuses. Describe the different methods of preparation of syrups.
  • Discuss the general method of dispensing of
    • mixture containing indiffusible solids.
    • mixture containing precipitate forming liquids
    • mixture containing diffusible solids
  • What are mixtures?Classify different types of mixtures. Discuss in brief about the different vehicles and adjuncts used in the formulation of mixtures.

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