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UNIT – I
Historical background and development of profession of pharmacy: History
of profession of Pharmacy in India in relation to pharmacy education, industry
and organization, Pharmacy as a career, Pharmacopoeias: Introduction to IP, BP,
USP and Extra Pharmacopoeia.
Dosage forms: Introduction to dosage forms, classification and definitions
Prescription: Definition, Parts of prescription, handling of Prescription and
Errors in prescription.
Posology: Definition, Factors affecting posology. Pediatric dose calculations
based on age, body weight and body surface area.
UNIT – II
Pharmaceutical calculations: Weights and measures – Imperial & Metric
system, Calculations involving percentage solutions, alligation, proof spirit and
isotonic solutions based on freezing point and molecular weight.
Powders: Definition, classification, advantages and disadvantages,Simple &
compound powders – official preparations, dusting powders, effervescent,
efflorescent and hygroscopic powders, eutectic mixtures. Geometric dilutions.
Liquid dosage forms: Advantages and disadvantages of liquid dosage forms.
Excipients used in formulation of liquid dosage forms. Solubility enhancement
UNIT – III
Monophasic liquids: Definitions and preparations of Gargles, Mouthwashes,
Throat Paint, Eardrops, Nasal drops, Enemas, Syrups, Elixirs, Liniments and
Suspensions: Definition, advantages and disadvantages, classifications,
Preparation of suspensions; Flocculated and Deflocculated suspension & stability
problems and methods to overcome.
Emulsions: Definition, classification, emulsifying agent, test for the identification
of type ofEmulsion, Methods of preparation & stability problems and methods to
UNIT – IV
Suppositories: Definition, types, advantages and disadvantages, types of bases,
methods of preparations. Displacement value & its calculations, evaluation of
Pharmaceutical incompatibilities: Definition, classification, physical, chemical
and therapeutic incompatibilities with examples.
UNIT – V
Semisolid dosage forms: Definitions, classification, mechanisms and factors
influencing dermal penetration of drugs. Preparation of ointments, pastes, creams
and gels. Excipients used in semi solid dosage forms. Evaluation of semi solid