What is Mucormycosis (Black Fungus)? Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention of Black Fungus

Cases of Mucormycosis or Black Fungus increasing rapidly in India. In this we going to discuss What is Mucormycosis or Black Fungas? What are the symptoms of this Disease ? Moreover we will discuss about the Drugs that are being used for the treatment of mucormycosis. We all know that Mucormycosis is a fungal infection but do you know how much dangerous it is for us so lets discuss about these points in this post.

What is Mucormycosis (Black Fungus)? Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention of Black Fungus
What is Mucormycosis (Black Fungus)? Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention of Black Fungus

What is Mucormycosis (Black Fungus)?

Mucormycosis is one type of rare but fatal condition which is caused by a fungal infection. Recently patients who already recovered from COVID 19 are affected by this fungal infection. Many states of India (Maharashtra, Delhi, Karnataka, Gujarat, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Madhyapradesh) are badly affected by this fungal infection. The number of infected patients by this fungal infection reached 8000+ when the article is being written. This infection affects the skin, eyes, brain, and lungs of patients. This disease Mucormycosis or black fungus is life-threatening for patients who already suffering from Diabetes, HIV, and Cancers. Patients with severely immunocompromised or the COVID 19 patients who are treated with steroids and other anti-inflammatory drugs. There are different types mucormycosis but most common species are given below:

  • rhizopus
  • rhizomucor
  • cunninghamella
  • apophysomyces
  • saksenaea
  • absidia
  • muccor
  • andsyncephal astrum

How Mucormycosis (Black Fungus) is spreading?

Pores of mucormycosis fungus are floating in the environment. This fungus enters the skin through a cut, burn, or other types of skin trauma. When a person comes in touch this fungee then sticks to the body of the person. When the fungee gets a chance to enters the body then it travels to the nose, sinus, and lungs of the person and infected him. This infection can badly affect the brain, eyes and lungs of the patient.

Due to the unclean and unhygienic activity of COVID 19 cured patients, they also get infected by this fungal infection. Where some experts blame the use of tap water in the flow meter of oxygen cylinders for spreading the black fungus infection in covid cured patients.

What are the symptoms of Mucormycosis (Black Fungus)?

Early signs and symptopms of mucormycosis includes

  • sinus pain or nasal blockage
  • redness around nose and eyes
  • coughing
  • shortness of breath
  • one-sided headache
  • swelling
  • toothache
  • loosing of teeth

Patients admitted in hospitals also suffer

  • blurred vision
  • discoloration or blackening of tissue on nose and cheeks and black lesions inside the mouth or discharge from nose

Prevention from Mucormycosis (Black Fungus)

Though it is a dangerous and fatal disease we can prevent ourselves from being infected of this fungee. Follow the steps given below to prevent yourself from the infection

  • Wear a mask whenever you are leaving your home and visit a dusty place.
  • Wear shoes
  • Wear long sleeves shirts and gloves if you are doing gardening
  • Maintain personal hygiene and keep yourself clean
  • hydrate regularly
  • if you are diabetics patient monitor your blood glucose level
  • reduce the uses of steroid drugs
  • discontinue the use of immune suppressant drugs

Follow the above mentioned steps and keep your self as much clean and hygienic possible.

Treatment of Mucormycosis (Black Fungus)

Liposomal Amphotericin B drug is used in the treatment of Black Fungus. 20 vials of this injection is required for the complete treatment. Each vials of this drugs cost almost ₹5000 to ₹6000.

Where all cases are treated with using the Liposomal Amphotericin B drug some complicated cases required surgery for complete cure from this disease.

Watch this video for more details about this infection

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Video Source: Talk 2 Guruji and Khan GS Research Centre

Conclusion

Black Fungus is a fatal disease but if we take care of ourself then we can easily prevent ourselves from being infected by this Infection. If you are already infected by this Fungus then start your treatment as soon as possible. And if you like the post “What is Mucormycosis (Black Fungus)? Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention of Black Fungus” then share this post with your friends and family and comment in the comment section.

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